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HMO Property

HMO stands for House of Multiple Occupation. A property is an HMO if it is rented to at least three individual tenants from more than one household, and who share toilet, bathroom or kitchen facilities.

HMOs – Definition and Licencing Requirements

A household consists of either a single person or members of the same family who live together. It includes people who are married or living together and people in same-sex relationships.

By law, HMOs with five bedrooms or more require a licence from the local council which has to be renewed every five years. Normally, self-contained flats with five or more bedrooms and shared facilities, even when within a larger block of flats, would also be considered as licensable HMOs.

However, it’s important to note that in addition to these mandatory licencing requirements, some local authorities require licences for all HMOs, even when there are less than five tenants.

Under this definition, some self-contained flats comprising of five or more bedrooms and shared facilities within a larger block of flats would also be considered a licensable HMO. To qualify for a licence, an HMO must comply with legally enforceable safety and amenity standards, such as minimum bedroom sizes and communal spaces, adequate kitchen/bathroom facilities, and certification for gas, electrical and fire safety.

Local councils have to carry out a Housing Health and Safety Rating System (HHSRS) risk assessment on each HMO within five years of receiving a licence application. If the inspector finds any unacceptable risks during the assessment, a schedule of remedial works will be drawn up which must be completed within a given timeframe, if the HMO is to retain its licence.

Before purchasing an HMO, it’s therefore essential to check the status of the licence if it has five or more bedrooms, and whether any HHSRS assessment has highlighted essential works that need to be carried out.

How Can accumul8 Help You?

For more information on HMO property investment or for information on our services, please contact us on 0330 111 0888 or at We are more than happy to help and we look forward to hearing from you!

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